Saturday, June 9, 2018

Ovation Haters - My Response

I am dedicating this to my friend Michael W. Cristiani, who passed away unexpectedly on May 31st, during the time I was writing this article. I have known Michael since the mid-1970's when we went to the same church. He was a great husband, father, and one of the brightest men I have ever met. 

Though he was not a musician, he often sent me information about guitars, and corresponded with my wife. He will be missed by all that loved him.

1979 Ovation Balladeer

I recently visited a web based discussion page, where on innocent guy asked the question, “Does anyone manufacture a guitar strap that will allow my Ovation guitar to stay flat against me when I’m standing up?”

I could not believe the responses, which went from “Get a real guitar” to “Why would you want to play that #$%^&!” There were other comments.

Lute  Oud  and  Neapolitan Mandolin
All of the hate comments concerned the guitars round back; the one that Ovation calls a parabolic bowl, that was built to better to project sound. The design was loosely based on that of ancient stringed instruments such as the lute, oud, and the Neapolitan mandolin.

Most of those that commented apparently preferred a wooden back. They blatantly disregarded the rest of the guitar; i.e. solid wood AAA Sitka spruce top, 5-piece laminated neck, unique specially designed sound holes, and the best piezo pickup system of the day.

Al Di Meola demonstrating
his Ovation Guitar

About 10 years ago I got to see Al Di Meola present a demonstration of his personal Ovation model. The guy loved it. Di Meola said that he owned a lot of guitars, including some very collectible Martins. But for concert work, he preferred the feel of the Ovation neck, and really liked the string-through bridge for his style of playing.

He could mute the strings with his palm, and stated he could not do this in the same manner with a pin-style bridge.  I will say that Al Di Meola was schooled at Julliard, and studied classical guitar there, which is another instrument that has no bridge pins.

Bill Kaman with Ovation #006
When I was only 14 years old, my best friend was an excellent drummer, and was a demonstrator for the Ludwig Drum Company. As a result of this, he was able to get two passes to the 1966 NAMM convention. We saw a lot of new instruments over the two days we spent in Chicago, but one thing that stood out was the prototype of the new Ovation guitar.

This instrument was different than the production models. There was no fancy rosette around the sound hole, and the top of the headstock was flat, like on a Martin guitar, and the bowl on the back was smooth, and shiny.

Charles Kaman
In fact the first Ovation was based on a Martin guitar. However the prototype did have the unique rounded Lyrachord back. It’s inventor was engineer Charles Kaman. He must have been a pretty good guitarist, since he was offered a job in Tommy Dorsey’s band. He turned it down, to pursue a career in manufacturing helicopters, and their parts.

Kaman owned a Martin Dreadnought guitar that was in serious need of repair. Martin did not use adjustable truss rods until 1985. They started using a T-shaped steel reinforcement on the Dreadnought models in the 1930’s. Subsequently, Kaman’s Martin had a warped neck, and had developed some crack in the body. He took it to a repair shop.

Charles Kaman - Kaman Aerospace Co.
While watching the guy doing repairs with clothespins, clamps, and glue, his engineering skills kicked in, and he commented that he knew how to cut their repair costs in half.  He could tool up the procedure, since his firm had been doing it for years on helicopter rotors.

1970's Ovation Lyrachord back
That is how the parabolic Lyrachord back came to being back in 1964. Contrary to the "Ovation Haters" opinion,he process did not just involve the back. Kaman engineers had already studied the torque and vibration of helicopters, and were able to put this information to good use regarding how a guitars top would vibrate, the resonance, and the mode shapes it would produce, and the effect of  how the round back would project the sound.

1967 Ovation Balladeer

The first model was named The Balladeer, for a local folk group that were given some of the first instruments. After the group got a standing ovation, the guitar’s name was settled on; Ovation.

1967 Ovation Balladeer 
The first Ovation guitars had a shiny, and smooth back,as well as a rather plain rosette. Subsequent models had a rough, and grainy back bowl.

Ovation 5 piece
Maple and Mahogany neck

The first guitar was designed by luthier Gerry Gardner in 1966. To prevent neck warping, the guitar came with an adjustable truss rod that was contained in an aluminum channel, and as an added measure, a 5 piece laminated neck to give it additional strength. The bound neck was topped with an ebony fretboard, that had fancy mother-of-pearl inlays. The second guitar that was produced; The Josh White model, had dot mother-of-pearl inlays.

1973 patent for
Ovation piezo bridge pickup

By 1973 Ovation was using it’s own 6 piece piezo pickup that sat in a saddle slot in the bridge. This was designed by Kaman Company engineer James Rickard in 1971, and patented in 1973. This pickup is still being used in the majority of Ovation acoustic electric guitars today.

The benefit of this design was that the player got a clear electric signal from the vibrations of each string. Despite a slight “quack”, there was virtually little or no feedback at high volumes.

Barcus-Berry transducer
 guitar pickup

Compared to the Barcus Berry transducers of the day, that were taped onto the guitars bridge, this pickup was a huge improvement for players. Subsequently many 1970’s bands saw the Ovation guitar as their go-to working stage instrument.

Ovation Model 1624
Country Artist volume control
The Ovation piezo system came with a built-in preamp that was mounted inside the guitars body. The initial models had only a single volume knob mounted on the upper bout. Eventually this became volume, and a tone control, and then featured volume, EQ controls, and a built-in tuner.

Glen Campbell on his TV Show
with his Ovation Guitar
One of the original endorsers was Glen Campbell, who was loyal to the Ovation Company throughout his life. He introduced the Ovation guitar to the world on his TV Variety show. Campbell was originally using a Baldwin guitar in his concerts that had the Prismatone pickup. Kaman told him he could build a better guitar, with a better pickup.

Current Glen Campbell Model 

At one point Campbell suggested that they reduce the size of the Lyrachord bowl, to reduce back strain. The shallow bowl Ovation was invented from this idea.

Ovation Model 1867

The Super Shallow model 1867 Legend was Robert Fripp's preferred acoustic-electric guitar. During the 1970’s,  This model became popular with electric guitar players.

Ovation Adamas Sound Board
In the mid 1970's, Ovation was experimenting with soundboard material. They had been using solid Sitka spruce on their guitars, but in 1977 came up with a much thinner soundboard that was made of carbon based composite material, that has a thin veneer of birch.

1983 Adamas ad

Instead of the traditional large round sound hole, this model had 22 small soundholes on the upper bouts of the guitar. This is said to produce greater volume, and allowed the bracing to be altered to aid in the top vibration.

Updated Cutaway
Adamas models

This guitar was named Adamas, from the Greek word that meant “inflexible, firm, long-lasting and unconquerable or invincible”.

1992 Adamas 1581-8

By reducing the bracing, Ovation was also able to reduce the guitars weight. These guitar had a small hatch on their backside, to facilitate the battery.

1970 Ovation Applause

In the early 1970's Ovation came out with a budget guitar, that was originally produced in the USA, under the brand name Applause. The unique thing about this guitar was that the neck and headstock were made of a metal frame filled with polymer blend material.

1978 Ovation Matrix
In 1978 the name was changed to the Ovation Matrix. Production of the Matrix was moved to South Korea. This guitar still had the polymer-filled molded metal neck and headstock

Eventually Ovation decided to offshore their entry-level models, under the names of Applause. This was not the USA model, but the brand was giving to guitars which mainly featured a laminated top.,

1970's Ovation Celebrity CC11
Another upgraded lower price point model was called Celebrity. This guitar line consisted of  mainly laminated top guitar, but included some solid top model. All were built in China or South Korea.

Kaman changed the name of their musical instrument division too KMCMusicorp, which was a subsidiary of Kaman Aircraft.

Unfortunately in 2008 KMCMusicorp was sold to the Fender Musical Instrument Company, who was on an acquisition spree. At this time most production moved offshore, however some of the high-end models were still being manufactured at the Connecticut plant until 2014 when Fender closed the facility.

Ovation Custom Legend
made by DWS

A year later Drum Workshop, the company that builds DW Drums purchased the Ovation name and the factory, and reinstated manufacturing. Currently Drum Workshop has reopened and restaffed the New Hartford, Connecticut plant where the high end guitars are made.

Applause Balladeer

The Applause Series, and some other Ovation models are outsourced to Korea and China.

Elite TX 8 String

Also outsourced are the Elite, and Celebrity series guitars. the Collector series, and some Signature series models. There are ten Custom series guitars that are built at the New Hartford plant.

Melissa Etheridge with her Ovation
Aside from Glen Campbell, there are some prominent Ovation users.  Melissa Etheridge has played Ovation 12 and 6 string models throughout her career, so has Kaki King. Richie Sambora is known for his use of the Ovation double neck model. Dave Mason played a 12 string model for much of his career.

Adrian Legg with his Adamas

In his younger years Adrian Legg played a six string Adamas model,  also French guitarist Marcel Dadi, played his Adamas model. The list goes on.

 I need to make an important distinction. There are beautifully crafted guitars that can be played at home or in small settings. Luthiers have spent years developing these lovely instruments.

1988 Takamine
Electro Acoustic

But there are stage guitars that are adaptable to large settings, usually due to their built-in electronics. These include Takamine, Maton, Ovation, and some Taylor models.

Martin D-45

These instruments  may not sound as sweet as a Martin D-45, when played acoustically, without amplification, but sound great on stage. It is this fact that first drew performers to chose Ovation guitars.

Ovation Model 1713
I own a 1973 Ovation Classical electric model 1713, that after 45 is still a great guitar. I've seen and played some really fine Ovation, and Adamas guitars. I have played one of the original Applause guitars with the metal neck. It was so-so, but a great beginner instrument.

Ovation Celebrity
I've seen some nice Celebrity guitars, and I've seen some produced during the Fender era that were terrible, with inner neck joints that were raggedy and sub-standard.  One older Ovation that a friend owned had a patterned green finish, and was the ugliest guitar I've ever seen.

On the other hand, I've seen some low end Martin guitars, that I thought were downright shameful. And they retailed for starting in the six to seven hundred dollar price range..

Ovation has invested a lot of engineering skills in turning out some fine guitars. I appreciate that.

Vintage Ovation 1713 - $499

One last thought is that vintage Ovation Guitars, do not increase in value, the way some other brand name guitars do. I suppose that is due to the desirability factor. So there may be some great bargains on Ovation acoustic-electric models.

©UniqueGuitar Publications (text only)
Click on the notes below the images to see my sources. Click on the notes in the text for further information.


Hank M said...

I saw Simon & Garfunkel's reunion concert in Central Park (circa 1981) on PBS a few months back. Paul was playing an Ovation. I believe his ex-wife, Carrie Fisher, ended up with the guitar and auctioned it off a couple decades later after an acrimonious split.

glazz said...

Lots of great players used ovation...
Marc O'Conner

Tony Rice was featured in an Ad:

Clarence white and Roger Mcguinn Both played Ovations live

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revfish said...

Always liked the playability of the Ovation necks and the ease of using one on stage because for years they had the best pickups. I never owned one but borrowed several from friends especially for dates when I was working with a band.
A little historical trivia: When I first joined the staff of the Jesus House, Randy Matthews was playing an Ovation with nylon strings. He used that guitar until he got a Martin D-45 which he played till it absolutely needed to be retired from the stage. After that he went through several guitars till landing on the high end Ovation primarily due to the ease of plugging it into the sound system wherever he was playing.
One reason why I never purchased an Ovation was because most of the time I needed something that was versatile enough to be played with or without amplification and I never liked the sound of an Ovation unless it was amplified. said...

Thanks Terry. I think back to Spiritual Revolution Day and remember Randy playing an Ovation. I believe that early piezo system was the key to Ovation's success starting in the 1970's. No other guitar had such a system at the time, with the exception of Baldwin's classical electric, which had this fantastic Prismatic pickup system. Willie Nelson used one, and so did Jerry Reed. I still have my 1974 Ovation Classical electric.

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skierpage said...

Nice summary. I had an Ovation Folklore with incredible projection, and I loved that 2/3 of the guitar was tough as nails.

You covered Ovation's foray into solid-body guitars with the oddly-shaped Breadwinner, Deacon, Viper, etc. in another post. Ovation supplied the guitars to the Partridge Family TV show which turned David Cassidy into a teen heartthrob, and ruined any "street cred" it had.

Typos: "It’s inventor", "it’s own" → its (no apostrophe, like "his", "its" is already the possessive pronoun); "on innocent guy" → an; "the guitars round back" → guitar's (possessive apostrophe); "web based discussion page" → web-based (hyphenate three-word phrases); "6 piece piezo pickup" → 6-piece (ditto).

And please delete the spam comments!